Research
Research Projects

Research Projects

CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS

Robotik & autonome Systeme

  • Soft Material Robotics – Methodologie zum Entwurf und der Entwicklung weicher Roboterstrukturen
    Roboter, die sich aufgrund ihrer hautähnlichen Nachgiebigkeit der Umwelt anpassen können, und aus silikonartigen Materialien gefertigt werden, bringen viele Vorteile, aber auch Herausforderungen mit sich. Es wird erforscht, wie sich ein methodisches Vorgehen beim Entwurf und der Entwicklung dieser Systeme umsetzen lässt. Dazu erfolgt die Modellierung der Dynamik auf Basis von Simulationen und die Realisierung von Versuchsständen zur Identifikation bzw. Validierung erzeugter Modelle. Aus letzteren lassen sich Leistungsmerkmale und modellbasierte Methoden extrahieren, welche zur spezifischen Entwicklung von Soft Material Robotern genutzt werden können.
    Team: Max Bartholdt, M.Sc
    Year: 2019
    Sponsors: DFG
    Lifespan: 2019 - 2022
  • Generation of Task Specific Robot Manipulators via Combined Structural and Dimensional Synthesis
    In order to propel the middle and small industries forward, a new method for the development of serial and parallel robots from a specific task is developed. The goal of the project is the automatic and global synthesis of robot structures from the design requirements.
    Team: M. Sc Moritz Schappler
    Year: 2018
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
    Lifespan: 01.01.2018 - 31.12.2019
  • Implementation of robot-assisted orientation systems at the Campus Maschinenbau
    The Campus Maschinenbau is the University's largest new construction project and is scheduled to commence its final operation in the winter semester of 2019/20. To faciliate orientation at the campus and answer requests of different kinds, the purpose of this project is to conceptualize and implement a robot-assisted orientation system. The robot is supposed to provide information from the central information- and room-planning system and will also work as a guide for people who require orientation at the campus.
    Team: M.Sc. Marvin Stüde
    Year: 2018
    Sponsors: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
    Lifespan: 01.03.2018 - 28.02.2021
  • Parallel-continuous manipulators - equalization of structure-specific disadvantages by combining parallel and continuum robots
    The project investigates the kinematical structure of parallel continuous robots that are parallel robots with continuous kinematic chains. The goal is to combine the high accuracy and stiffness of parallel robots with the high dexterity and manipulability of continuous robots.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Kathrin Nülle
    Year: 2018
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
    Lifespan: 1.1.2018-31.12.2019
  • Auto-tuning of PID controllers for robot manipulators
    Traditional PID controller is one of the most popular control structures in industrial processes. This is due to its simplicity and robustness. These advantages qualify PID controllers to be widely used in the field of robotics. Robot manipulators, however, are highly nonlinear, highly coupled, multi-input multi-output (MIMO) dynamic systems. Tuning the PID gains for such systems is considered to be a complicated task, which is usually done using traditional or manual methods, e.g. trials and errors.
    Team: M.Sc. Ahmed Zidan
    Year: 2017
  • Smart Control System for Increasing the Efficiency of Industrial DC Mircogrids
    The aim of this project is to develop intelligent control of the systems within a DC link circuit to reduce the energy absorbed by the production line. The next step is to extend the energy control system to energy storage and variable renewable energies. Emphasis is on the depth of simulation, the size of the influence of various factors, the energy storage control and the construction of an intelligent control, which actively intervenes in the process.
    Team: M. Sc. Elias Knöchelmann
    Year: 2017
    Sponsors: Bosch Rexroth AG.
  • roboterfabrik
    In order to establish Hanover as a leading venue for robotics, the project roboterfabrik was launched as a cooperation between Region Hannover, Leibniz Universität and Roberta Regiozentrum Hannover. The roboterfabrik pursues a continuous approach for the education of so-called Robotic Natives, spanning from school to university.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Daniel Kaczor
    Year: 2016
    Sponsors: Region Hannover
    Lifespan: 5 years
  • Energy efficient path planning for industrial robots
    This project focuses on improving the energy efficiency of industrial robots by optimising the path planning algorithms. Intelligent path planning approaches can increase the energy efficiency by avoiding unfavourable operating points or by utilising the eletrical as well as the mechanical couplings of the axes. In order to optimise the path, it is necessary to simulate the comprehensive drive system as well as the robot's mechanics. The energy-optimal path is determined using non-linear optimisation algorithms.
    Year: 2015
    Sponsors: Industry
  • "3rd Arm" - Craftsmen-Force-Assistence with adaptive Human-Machine Interaction
    Regarding an aging work force with higher requirements for work efficiency, a force assistence system is developed. The system is based on a mechatronic structure ("3rd arm"), which is fixed to the body of the user via a supporting construction. Apart from the physical support the system meets cognitive assistance functions. Thus, it provides force support on the one hand and on the other hand the increase in work efficiency and quality of work.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Kathrin Nülle
    Year: 2014
    Sponsors: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
    Lifespan: 3 years
  • Modularly structured motion control system for robotics and handling.
    In this project, an easy to use, modularly structured and thus flexible platform for the control of various robotic applications is being developed. In addition to established systems, such as SCARA, articulated or delta kinematics, different interfaces offer the ability to control custom-made kinematics. The aim is to simplify the programming and commissioning of complex, multi-axis manufacturing machines.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Julian Öltjen
    Year: 2012
    Sponsors: Lenze Automation GmbH
  • Development of instruments for laparoscopic single-site surgery
    In laparoscopic surgery, the abdominal cavity of the patient is opened through a small incision. In the created access a laparoscope is inserted to illuminate and optically detect the internal organs and indicate it to the surgeon by an appropriate visual representation. In single-site surgery beside the laparoscope at least two other instruments for tissue manipulation are inserted through the same opening into the abdominal cavity. Where such access is located in the navel, the scar is barely visible later. However, besides the resulting good cosmetic result, the single-port laparoscopy has the advantages of a low blood loss and a short recovery time. To expand the applications for this new surgical technique medical systems are needed. This should in particular have a high mobility of the end-effector in a large collision-free workspace.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Jan-Hinnerk Borchard
    Year: 2011
  • Planning of Energy-Efficient Trajectories with Utilization of Energy Storage and Energy Interchange between Electrical Drives
    In multiple-axis applications, the direct current links of the utilized frequency converters can be connected for temporary energy storage and for energy interchange between different electrical drives respectively. On this background, the research objective is the analysis of potentials for planning optimal trajectories to increase energy efficiency of such applications.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Christian Hansen
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Design of Energy Efficient Mechatronic Systems based on Automated Controller Synthesis and Trajectory Planning
    Reducing the energy consumption is a major concern in industrial production systems. One approach is recuperating the braking energy of robot axes. We therefore propose an automated methodology that consists of three parts: A scenario-based language to flexibly specify the discrete production system behavior, an automated procedure to synthesize optimal control strategies from such specifications, including PLC code generation, and a procedure for the detailed trajectory optimization.
    Team: M. Sc. Elias Knöchelmann
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)

Identifikation & Regelung

  • IdenT - Identifikation dynamik- und sicherheitsrelevanter Trailerzustände für automatisiert fahrende Lastkraftwagen
    Vor allem im Bereich der Nutzfahrzeuge ist das wirtschaftliche Potential von automatisiert fahrenden Lastkraftwagen besonders hoch. Damit dieses Vorhaben gelingen kann, muss der LKW-Anhänger (sog. Trailer) deutlich intelligenter werden, als er heute ist. Während das Zugfahrzeug serienmäßig mit viel Sensorik ausgestattet ist, gibt es im Trailer noch deutlichen Nachholbedarf. Im Rahmen dieses Projekts soll mit mehreren Projektpartnern aus Forschung und Industrie erarbeitet werden, wie durch Einsatz von zusätzlicher Sensorik im Trailer die fahrdynamischen und sicherheitsrelevanten Zustände berechnet bzw. geschätzt werden können, um diese anschließend an das Zugfahrzeug weiterzugeben. Ein weiterer Aspekt des Projekts ist die Beurteilung von verschleißbehafteten Komponenten im Trailer wie z.B. Reifen oder Bremsen, um eine Vorhersage zu treffen, wann die Komponenten ausgewechselt werden müssen. Dazu wird ein Online-Zwilling erstellt, der während der Fahrt auf einer Recheneinheit im Trailer fahrdynamische Zustände schätzt. Weiterhin sollen Informationen über die Fahrbahnbeschaffenheit gesammelt und mit Kameras der Rückraum überwacht werden. Die online gesammelten Informationen werden über eine Cloud-Infrastruktur an einen Offline-Zwilling gesendet, der dann mit Hilfe von detaillierten Fahrzeug-Modellen den Komponentenverschleiß berechnet und an den Online-Zwilling zurück sendet. Das Imes wird sich im Rahmen dieses Projekts hauptsächlich mit der Entwicklung des Online-Zwillings erfassen und setzt für die Online-Informationsgenerierung Methoden der fahrdynamischen Modellierung, des maschinellen Lernens und der Informationsfusion ein.
    Year: 2020
    Sponsors: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie
    Lifespan: 3 Jahre
  • Condition Monitoring of nonlinear plants in the automation industry
    The progressive networking of industrial plants provides an increasing amount of data that is available in operation. It is usually no longer possible for humans to oversee this amount of information and to draw knowledge from it. With the development of increasingly powerful processors, machine learning methods have come into focus for this application. In this project, the existing procedures, which are mostly based on physical models, are to be complemented in order to enable comprehensive monitoring. The focus is on nonlinear systems that are difficult to describe using physical models.
    Team: Moritz Fehsenfeld
    Year: 2019
    Sponsors: Lenze Automation GmbH
    Lifespan: 10/2018 - 09/2022
  • RoCCl - Road Condition Cloud
    As part of the DFG-funded project RoCCl, a time-varying map, the Road Condition Cloud, is developed in cooperation with the Institute of Automotive Engineering of the TU Braunschweig. Therefore the road condition with additional confidence will be estimated by probability-based data fusion of various heterogeneous information from onboard and environmental sensors and transferred to the card. The communication with the RoCCl thus offers the possibility to correctly initialize driver assistance systems with regard to the current road condition at any time.
    Team: M. Sc. Alexander Busch
    Year: 2018
    Sponsors: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
    Lifespan: 02/2018 - 01/2021
  • Prozessmonitoring in der Produktionstechnik (ProMoPro)
    Within this ERDF-funded project, universal tools and methods for the digitalization of production plants with high energy consumption will be created. The comprehensive acquisition of heterogeneous plant and process data enables the partitioning of the entire process into suitable sub-processes, their description through meaningful characteristics and the learning of mathematical models in order to describe the effects of the sub-processes on various target parameters (e.g. product quality and energy consumption).
    Team: Karl-Philipp Kortmann, M. Sc., Johannes Zumsande, M. Sc.
    Year: 2018
    Sponsors: ERDF (European Regional Development Fund)
    Lifespan: 3 Jahre
  • Online-Identification of control parameters in electric drives for parameter tracking II
    The main goal of the project is the identification of the main parameters for electric drives with elastically coupled mechanics without additional sensors. This is achieved firstly with dedicated identification trajectories and secondly during operation by observing the parameter identifiability with respect to the features of the trajectory. The basis is a mechatronic model of the overall mechatronic system.
    Team: M. Sc. Mathias Tantau
    Year: 2017
  • simTrailer - Complete, Model-based State Monitoring of Trailers
    In the simTrailer project, online-capeable methods for model-based state monitoring of trailers are being developed to ensure the most efficient use of sensor technology.
    Team: Zygimantas Ziaukas, M .Sc.
    Year: 2017
    Sponsors: BPW Bergische Achsen KG
  • Analysis of vehicle drive-train vibrations
    A current project is the analysis of vehicle drive-train vibrations in the powertrain of a passenger car. The aim of the research project is to analyse individual phenomena and identify their causes. This knowledge can be used in order to find suitable software or hardware measures that reduce or avoid this vibrations. This work is being carried out as part of an industrial project with IAV GmbH.
    Team: M. Sc. Eduard Popp
    Year: 2015
    Sponsors: IAV GmbH
  • Development of a Miniaturized, Electromagnetically actuated Punch
    In this joint research project with the institute of metal forming and metal forming machines a small, efficient electromagnetically actuated punch for cutting thin metal sheets is developed. By exciting the mass-spring-system specifically at its resonance frequency a compact, efficient high speed punch machine is optained, saving space, energy and time.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing Markus Ahrens
    Year: 2014
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Robust estimation of vehicle's side-slip angle, based on sensitivity-based parameteradaption and nonlinear observer structures
    A resent project at the Institute of Mechatronic Systems adresses the estimation of relevant parameters and states of lateral dynamic systems in vehicle dynamics. Therefore different modelbased observers, based on sensitivity-based parameteradaption are realised to ensure a robust Estimation.
    Team: M.Sc. Mark Wielitzka
    Year: 2014
  • Active Manipulation of the Abrasion of the Tool in External Cylindrical Plunge Grinding
    Chatter vibrations are still a problem for the handling of high precision systems in manufacturing, e.g. they are limiting the performance of these machines. To avoid chattering caused by abrasion of the tool true running cycles are frequently needed nowadays. The goal of this project is to build up an active damping with an electromagnetical actuator. The actuator leads in additional forces to realize the damping.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Markus Ahrens
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: German research Foundation (DFG)
  • Vehicle Vibration Analysis and Compensation
    A current project at imes is dealing with vehicle oscillations in automobiles. The research plan aims to find and analyze causes of vibration in the vehicle, in order to take appropriate measures – control strategies – to reduce or avoid vibrations
    Team: M.Sc Simon Eicke
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: IAV GmbH
  • Modelbased analysis of electrical drive systems
    Electrical drive systems are classical mechatronic systems, consisting of power electronics, three-phase motor, mechanical load, and signal processing. The time constants of these systems vary in several orders of magnitude. Because of this, a lot of work is done in order to describe and optimize the behavior of each subsystem disregarding the interaction between the subsystems. For further optimization of electrical drive systems it is necessary to describe the behavior of the complete system, which is goal of this project.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing Lars Perner
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: Lenze Automation GmbH
  • Electromagnetically actuated Punch
    The challenge of this research joint research project with the institute of metal forming and metal forming machines is the design and control of an electromangetically actuated punch. This drive concept allows the adaption of the cutting process and, therefore, gives the possibility to compensate oscillations and tracking errors during the cut. Thus, a higher stroke rate, better quality of the produced elements, and lower tool wear level of the die can be achieved. Up to now, rates up to 50 strokes per second and cutting forces up to 10 kN were reached. Thanks to the direct drive concept a very compact construction is possible.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Dagen, Ing. Mauro H. Riva
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Semi-Active Engine Mounting
    At the Mechatronic Center of Hannover, a semi-active engine mounting was developed which is based on the magnetic reluctance force principle and controls the contact force of friction bellows. Through the variation of the perpendicular force the friction force (i.e. the damping force) can be controlled according to the operation condition.
    Team: Dr.-Ing. Marc Lorenz
    Year: 2005
    Sponsors: Industry

Medizintechnik & Bildverarbeitung

  • OPhonLas: OCT-geregelte Laserablation bei Stimmlippen-Phonation
    This EFRE-funded project aims to develop a rigid, anatomically shaped laryngoscope equipped with a controllable ablation laser for laryngeal surgery. In addition to the application on resting vocal folds, a laser cut is also to be carried out during a phonation - i.e. on oscillating vocal folds. This enables the treatment of certain pathologies and makes the functional success of the therapy directly visible. The high demands on the real-time control of the laser require the fusion of stereo image data and optical coherence tomographies.
    Team: Sontje Ihler, M. Sc., Max-Heinrich Laves, M. Sc.
    Year: 2017
    Sponsors: EFRE (Europäischer Fonds für regionale Entwicklung)
    Lifespan: 3 Jahre
  • Hand-Held Projection and Measurement System for Surgical Interventions
    In Augmented reality, image overlay projection is a technique that would help the surgeons to view the underlying anatomical structures directly on the surface of the skin or organ of the patient. Within the scope of the Tailored Light Scholarship Program , a novel hand-held projector system would be developed that would allow the images of 3-D patient-specific models to be projected directly onto the surface of the organ intraoperatively without the need of intrusive hardware around the surgical scene. This would circumvent the problems of sight diversion and view reorientation from the patient, to the monitors with patient information like CT, MRI and would help the surgeons in performing the surgeries without any strain.
    Team: M. Sc. Dipl.-Ing. Shivaraman Ilango
    Year: 2016
    Sponsors: Lower Saxony Ministry for Science and Culture
  • Evaluation of the laryngeal adduction reflex via laryngoscopic microdroplet application and image processing
    In this interdisciplinary project, a novel endoscopic system for the examination of the laryngeal adduction reflex (LAR) is being developed and tested in cooperation with the Department of Phoniatry and Pedaudiology (director: Prof. Dr. med. Dr. med. h.c. Martin Ptok) at Hanover Medical School (MHH). The LAR is triggered by the application of an accelerated droplet. A high-speed camera system is used to assess the reflex response. The integration of image processing algorithms increases the degree of automation and objectivity of the diagnostic procedure.
    Team: Jacob F. Fast, M.Sc.
    Year: 2016
    Sponsors: DFG
  • Endoscopy of trabecular bone for intraoperative registration
    The project iBoneRegistration explores endoscopy of trabecular bone structures (cancellous bone) for intraoperative registration in navigated bone surgery. Trabecular bone is optimally suited as features for establishing the spatial transformation between preoperative image data and the intraoperative situation.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Jan Bergmeier
    Year: 2014
    Sponsors: DFG
  • RoboJiG
    Preclinical realization of a integrated, minimal-invasive cochlea implant system based on patient specific jigs
    Team: M. Sc. Samuel Müller
    Year: 2014
    Sponsors: BMBF
  • µRALP - Micro-Technologies and Systesm for Robot-Assisted Laser Phonemicrosurgery
    The µRALP project is focused at advancing the state of the art in laser phonomicrosurgeries, which currently relies completely on the dexterity of surgeons who must operate through a microscope, control the laser aiming directly by hand, and deal with the associated poor ergonomics of the operating setup.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Dennis Kundrat, Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Schoob
    Year: 2012
    Sponsors: EU, FP7
  • Robot-Assisted Surgery
    The topic of this project is the development of methods for minimally invasive surgical interventions at the lateral skull base. The goal is to increase the accuracy and safety of such interventions incorporating mechatronic assistance. The project is carried out in close cooperation with surgeons from the department of otolaryngology of the Hannover Medical School. As target application, a minimally invasive opening of the inner ear during cochlear implantation is considered. Cochlear implantation is the only efficient treatment of patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss or deafness. During the intervention, an electrode array is implanted into the windings of the inner ear (cochlea) and electrically stimulates the auditory nerve. This results in a hearing impression for the patient and allows them to understand spoken language or listen to music. The surgical intervention is characterised by a high degree of complexity and required accuracy. In order to achieve the desired accuracy and improve the surgeon’s physical precision, intraoperative navigation and robotic assistance are combined in this project.
    Team: M. Sc. Sebastian Tauscher
    Year: 2011
  • Development of a head-mounted surgical robot for skull surgery
    Precision skull surgery requires specialized instrumentation to satisfy demanding requirements in cochlear array implantation, deep brain stimulation electrode placement and related applications. A miniaturized reconfigurable parallel kinematic mechanism which can be directly mounted on a patient’s skull is being designed, built and tested in collaboration with the department of otolaryngology of the Medical School Hannover (MHH)
    Team: M.Sc. Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jan-Philipp Kobler
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Robot assisted laser osteotomy
    Laser osteotomy is of great interest for many clinical indications. Tissue removal following well defined geometries raises questions primarily in the fields of path planning, high precision beam control, human-machine-interface and determination of cutting depth. Therefore, a system consisting of a KUKA lightweight robot (LWR), a stereo camera, an optical coherence tomograph (OCT), and an Er:YAG laser is assembled at the Institute of Mechatronic Systems in close cooperation with the KUKA Laboratories GmbH to demonstrate a possible application for robot assisted laser osteotomy.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Alexander Fuchs
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: KUKA Laboratories GmbH
  • Development of instruments for laparoscopic single-site surgery
    In laparoscopic surgery, the abdominal cavity of the patient is opened through a small incision. In the created access a laparoscope is inserted to illuminate and optically detect the internal organs and indicate it to the surgeon by an appropriate visual representation. In single-site surgery beside the laparoscope at least two other instruments for tissue manipulation are inserted through the same opening into the abdominal cavity. Where such access is located in the navel, the scar is barely visible later. However, besides the resulting good cosmetic result, the single-port laparoscopy has the advantages of a low blood loss and a short recovery time. To expand the applications for this new surgical technique medical systems are needed. This should in particular have a high mobility of the end-effector in a large collision-free workspace.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Jan-Hinnerk Borchard
    Year: 2011
  • Mini-Projector based Augmented Reality for medical applications
    For the purpose of optimizing the presentation of information, augmented reality approaches are the subject of current research. In the field of medical technology, the goal is the visualization of data directly in the surgeons field of view. This approach is based on a simultaneous representation of reality, in this case the patient, and additional visual information. Using a mini-projector and an optical navigation system, a handheld projection device was built up, enabling the projection of anatomical structures as well as navigation instructions in real time directly onto the surface of the patient.
    Team: M.Sc. Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jan-Philipp Kobler
    Year: 2010
  • Integration of an OCT in a Medical Navigation System
    There is an increasing need of high accuracy of mechatronic assistance systems in the field of minimal invasive surgery. Since standard systems do not satisfy the accuracy requirements, we are developping in cooperation with the Institute of Measurement and Automatic Control and the department of otolaryngology of the Medical School Hanover a mechatronic assistance system which includes an optical coherence tomograph (OCT). High accurate positioning of a robot is possible with the information of this sensor on the basis of multimodal image registration of preoperative CT- and intraoperative OCT-data.
    Team: Dipl.-Math. Jesús Díaz Díaz
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • GentleCI
    The goal of this project is to design innovative, steerable electrodes in order to allow for a contactless and thereby riskless insertion into the spiral-wound cochlea. This aim is achieved by making use of shape memory micro-actuators, which take the desired shape dependent on the patient's body temperature. The project is carried out in cooperation with the department of otolaryngology of the Medical School Hannover (MHH).
    Team: M.Sc. Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Jan-Philipp Kobler
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: BMBF
  • Objective Function Analysis during Total Knee Endoprothesis
    In cooperation with the orthopaedic clinic of the MHH, the goal of this research project is the developement of an optimized implantation technique for total knee endoprotheses. The robot supports the surgeon during the manually conducted operation and allows an objective analysis of the present pathology. Therefore, the additional sensory information of the robot and a force-torque-sensor have to be interpreted and secure control algoritms must be implemented.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Alexander Fuchs
    Year: 2010

[uncategorized]

  • Interface for the Integration of a Robot in an Image-guided therapy System
    Within this cooperative project with the KUKA Laboratories GmbH the Institute for Mechatronic Systems develops a generic interface concept for the integration of the Light Weight Robot (KUKA) in an image-guided therapy system. This leads to an easier Integration of the LWR into an image-guided therapy system. The interface concept is going to be tested and validated by integrating the KUKA LWR into the MediLAB environment in the medical technology laboratory of the institute.
    Team: M. Sc. Sebastian Tauscher
    Year: 2012
    Sponsors: KUKA Laboratories GmbH

COMPLETED RESEARCH PROJECTS

Robotik & autonome Systeme

  • Automatic generation of optimized robotic structures for a desired task
    In order to propel the middle and small industries forward, a new method for the development of serial chain robots from a specific task is expected. The goal of the project is the automatic and global synthesis of robot structures from the design requirements.
    Team: M. Sc. Daniel Andrés Ramirez
    Year: 2013
    Sponsors: Administrative Department of Science, Technology, and Innovation of Colombia ("Colciencias")
  • Electromagnetic bending actuator for endoscopic applications
    The main objective of this project is aimed at the disadvantages of existing endoscopic systems which consider handling and risk of injury to the patient. The development of a new actuator, the modeling of kinematics and dynamics as well as the implementation of suitable control algorithms should compensate the aforementioned criteria. The work will be carried out in close cooperation with the Institute of Drive Systems and Power Electronics (IAL).
    Team: M. Sc. Svenja Spindeldreier (née Tappe)
    Year: 2013
    Sponsors: DFG and Caroline Herschel Program of the Equal Opportunities Office
    Lifespan: 2013-2019
  • Improving the Performance of Parallel Manipulators using Reconfigurable Mechanisms based on Kinematic Redundancy
    The goal of this research project is to increase the singularity-free workspace of parallel kinematic structures through kinematic redundancy and simultaneously to improve their accuracy, stiffness, and dynamics. In addition to appropriate analyzing and evaluation methods, procedures for the optimal open- and closed-loop control of kinematically redundant mechanisms with a variable structures have to be developed and applied in practice.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Jens Kotlarski
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Energy Optimal Trajectory Planning by Natural Motion Patterns
    In continuation of research projects dealing with underactuated manipulators in which the motion of passive joints takes place due to dynamic coupling (i.e. inertial force, Coriolis force, etc.) this coupling shall be exploited in order to implement energy minimal trajectories for fully actuated systems.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Hussong
    Year: 2009
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • MARGe
    The mobile robot MARGe (Mobile Autonomous Robot Genie) serves as experimental platform for the development and evaluation of algorithms for localization, trajectory control, and dynamic obstacle avoidance. MARGe is equipped with a variety of internal and external sensors, including encoders and laser scanner.
    Team: Dr.-Ing. Holger Blume
    Year: 2008
    Sponsors: Start-up grant of the Mechatronic Center of Hannover
  • PaLiDA - Parallel Kinematic with Linear Direct Drives
    The experimental platform PaLiDA is used at the Mechatronic Centre of Hannover within the DFG main focus program "Production Machines with Parallel Kinematics". This project exploits, analyses, and advances the advantages thanks to a combination of a parallel kinematic structure with high dynamic linear drives. This paves the way for the future use of parallel kinematics in the industrial production with an increased productivity.
    Team: Dr.-Ing. Houssem Abdellatif
    Year: 2008
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Vision Based Robot Control
    Goal of this research project is the vision based control of the MARGe (mobile platform, see below) mounted serial manipulator. The system shall be able to recognize objects autonomously and, thereafter, grasp it due to a visual servoing control loop.
    Team: Dr.-Ing. Oliver Hornung
    Year: 2007
    Sponsors: Start-up grant of the Mechatronic Center of Hannover

Identifikation & Regelung

  • Remote Mechatronics Challenge
    Remote Laboratories allow the control and observation of a real test bed via the Internet. Thus, lecture contents can be deepened and applied to real test beds. In addition to the permanent availability, the limitation of defined parameter of the system is a great advantage over classical laboratory concepts.
    Team: M.Sc. Johannes Zumsande
    Year: 2016
    Sponsors: Studienqualitätsmittel
  • iTracC - Intelligent Traction Control
    The goal of the iTracC project is to increase driving safety in vehicles with electrified powertrains by optimizing traction control based on adaptive powertrain and friction models.
    Team: M. Sc. Mark Wielitzka, M. Sc. Alexander Busch
    Year: 2015
    Sponsors: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
  • Automatisierte Inbetriebnahme und Condition Monitoring industriell eingesetzter Regalbediengeräte
    Das Ziel des Kooperationsprojekts ist die automatisierte Inbetriebnahme von Regalbediengeräten und modellbasiertem Condition Monitoring im laufenden Betrieb sowie Schwingungskompensation.
    Team: M.Sc. Daniel Beckmann
    Year: 2015
    Sponsors: ZIM-KOOP
    Lifespan: 2 Jahre
  • On-Line identification of control relevant system parameters electrically driven mechanical systems
    The primary objective of this research project is to determine the main parameters of an electric drive system coupled with mechanics, without use of special trajactories and without additional sensors but by observing the identifiability of the parameters on the fly. The basis is a real-time model of the mechatronic system.
    Team: M. Sc. Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Daniel Beckmann
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: Forschungsvereinigung Antriebstechnik (FVA)
  • Autonomous Friction Measuring Platform
    The investigation of friction between tires and driving surface is complicated due to the complexity of the tire properties and the interactions with chassis and drive chain. In order to tackle this problem an electrically driven autonomous friction measuring platform was developed in close cooperation between the Mechatronic Centre of Hannover and the Institute of Mechanics.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Noamen Bouzid
    Year: 2008
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Online Friction Estimation
    The further development and optimization of both car safety and control systems requires precise knowledge of process performance and parameter dependency of relevant system parameters. Therefore, these parameters must be measured using appropriate sensors, estimated or derived from existing parameters and system data. A particularly important parameter for the development of steering and control systems for motor vehicles is the friction coefficient between the tires and the road. This project is carried out in cooperation with an automotive component supplier company and examines the feasibility of friction coefficient prognosis in automobiles on the basis of a multi sensor concept. The main focus of the project lies in the automotive technique, measurement technology, and digital signal processing.
    Team: Dr.-Ing. Ahmed Trabelsi
    Year: 2005
    Sponsors: Industry
  • Time-Optimal Control of Electromechanical Actuators
    Several electromechanical actuators are used for a exhaust gas recirculation in diesel engined passenger vehicles. These actuators regulate the exhaust gas ratio with a high dynamical behavior. To account for the bounded power supply different model based control concepts are implemented within this research project
    Sponsors: IAV GmbH Gifhorn
    Lifespan: 11/2012-10/2013

Medizintechnik & Bildverarbeitung

  • Robot assisted surgery
    The topic of this project is the development of methods for minimally invasive surgical interventions at the lateral skull base. The goal is to increase the accuracy and safety of such interventions incorporating mechatronic assistance. The project is carried out in close cooperation with surgeons from the department of otolaryngology of the Hannover Medical School. As target application, a minimally invasive opening of the inner ear during cochlear implantation is considered. Cochlear implantation is the only efficient treatment of patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss or deafness. During the intervention, an electrode array is implanted into the windings of the inner ear (cochlea) and electrically stimulates the auditory nerve. This results in a hearing impression for the patient and allows them to understand spoken language or listen to music. The surgical intervention is characterised by a high degree of complexity and required accuracy. In order to achieve the desired accuracy and improve the surgeon’s physical precision, intraoperative navigation and robotic assistance are combined in this project.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Stephan Baron
    Year: 2011
  • Environment Chamber
    External influences on the early embryonic heart play an important role in the following cardiovascular development and the heart's efficiency. Especially in the first week of growth, a closer investigation of these relations is necessary. In cooperation with the department of Pediatric Cardiology at the Medical School Hannover (MHH) it is intended to accomplish the investigations at chicken embryos.
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. J. Thommes
    Year: 2011
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Image-Based Automated Insertion of Cochlear Implants
    The Institute of Mechatronic Systems developed a robot-assisted, minimal-invasive approach to the cochlea, drilling a small channel from the lateral skull base to the cochlea. In this context the problem arises to insert the electrode into the cochlea via the keyhole access, which is not manually applicable by the surgeon any more. Main target of the project is the development of an automated insertion tool to insert the electrode via the keyhole access. The project is carried out in cooperation with the department of otolaryngology of the Medical School Hannover (MHH).
    Team: Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Hussong
    Year: 2010
    Sponsors: German Research Foundation (DFG)